Iconicity in Language

Iconicity in Language: Bibliography

(last update September 2004)

Anderson, Earl R. 1998. A Grammar of Iconism. London: Associated Press.

Armstrong, David F. 1983. "Iconicity, Arbitrariness, & Duality of Patterning in Signed and Spoken Language." Sign Language Studies 38:

Andrews, Edna. 1993. "The Iconicity of Gender Shifts in Contemporary Russian." In Robert A. Maguire and Alan Timberlake (eds) American Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists. Columbus: Slavica. 202-213.

Askedal, John Ole. 1989. "On Language Signs and Linguistic Iconicity." Livstegn (Journal of the Norwegian Association for Semiotic Studies, Bergen, Norway), 7,2: 115-29.

Bates, Elizabeth, et al. 1979. The Emergence of Symbols. New York: Academic Pres

Bencze, Lóránt. 1991. “Iconicity in Hungarian Grammar.” In Bohumil Palek and Pøemysl Janota (eds). Proceedings of LP '90. Linguistics and Phonetics: Prospects and Applications. Prague: Charles University Press. 157-162.

Berezowski, Leszek. 1997. "Iconic Motivation for the Definite Article in English Geographical Proper Names." Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 32: 127-144.

Bergen, Benjamin K. 2004. "The psychological reality of phonaesthemes." Language 80: 290-311.

Bezooyen, Renee van. 1984. Characteristics and Recognizability of Vocal Expressions of Forms of English: Accent, Morpheme, Order. Eds. Isamu Abe and Tetsuya Kamekyo. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Birnbaum, Henrik. 1995. "The Linguistic Sign Reconsidered: Arbitrariness, Iconicity, Motivation." Elementa: Schriften zur Philosophie und ihrer Problemgeschichte, Eisingen 2, 2: 101-130.

Boisson, Claude Pierre. 1993. "La liniearité: Iconicité et arbitraire." In L'ordre des mots, II: Domaine anglais. Sait Etienne: Univ. Jean Monnet. 85-124.

Bolinger, D. 1980. “Signs and Symbols.” Chapter 3 of Language – The Loaded Weapon. London: Longman. 17-24.

Bolinger, D. and D.A. Sears. 1981. (3rd ed.). Aspects of Language. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich.

Bonheim, Helmut. 2002. "The materiality of language; Studies in honour of Jon Erickson." In M. Gymnich, A. Nunning and V. Nunning (eds), Literature and Linguistics: Approaches, Models and Applications. Trier: Wissenschaflicher. 147-156

Bonvillian, John D. 1993. "Early Sign Language Acquisition in Children and Gorillas: Vocabulary Content and Sign Iconicity." First Language 13, 3 (39): 315-338.

Bouissac, Paul et al. 1986. (eds) Iconicity: Essays on the Nature of Culture. Tübingen: Staufenburg..

Bouissac, Paul. 1986. "Iconicity and Pertinence." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 193-213.

Brekle, Herbert E. 1981. "Zur Integration eines speziellen Typs ikonischer Elemente in primär schriftsprachlichen Wortbildungen einiger europäischer Sprachen." In Wolfgang Pockl (ed.). Europäische Mehrsprachigkeit: Festschrift zum 70. Geburtstag von Mario Wandruszka. Tubingen : Niemeyer. 197-207.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1987. "Diagrammatic Iconicity in English Syntax." Recherches Semiotiques-Semiotic Inquiry. 7,1: 55-72.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1987. "Iconic Word Order Patterns in Chaucerian Prose." In John Deely and Jonathan Evans (eds). Semiotics. Lanham, MD: UP of America. 3-14.

Brinton, Laurel J. 1988. “The Iconicity of Rhetorical Figures: ‘Schemes’ as Devices for Textual Cohesion.” Language and Style 21, 2: 162-90.

Brown, Roger W., Abraham Black, and Arnold E. Horowitz. 1955. "Phonetic Symbolism in Natural Languages." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 50: 388-293.

Bybee, Joan, L. 1985. “Diagrammatic Iconicity in Stem-Inflection Relations.” In John Haiman (ed.)(1985a). 11-48.

Carani, Marie. 1998. "Hypoiconicité comme paradigme des arts visuel." In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 65-84.

Chastaign, Maxime. 1958. “Le symbolisme des voyelles, signification de i.” Journal de Psychologie 55: 403-423, 401-481

Chastaign, Maxime. 1964."Nouvelles recherches sur le symbolisme des voyelles." Journal de psychologie1964: 75-88.

Chastaign, Maxime. 1965. "Dernières recherches sur le symbolisme vocalique de la politesse." Revue philosophique 155: 41-56.

Childs, G. Tucker. 1989. "Where do Ideophones Come From?" Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 19, no. 2 (Fall 1989): 55-76.

Childs, G. Tucker. 1994. "Expressiveness in Contact Situations: The Fate of African Ideophones." Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 9: 257-82.

Coelho, Carl A. and Robert J. Duffy. 1986. "Effects of Iconicity, Motoric Complexity, and Linguistic Function on Sign Acquisition in Aphasia." Perceptual and Motor Skills 63, 2: pt. 1, 519-530.

Conradie, C.Jac. 2001. "Structural Iconicity. The English S- and OF-Genitives." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 229-247. Conradie, C. Jac. 2003."The iconicity of Afrikaans reduplication". In MUller and Fischer (eds), 203-223.

Constantini, Michel. 1998. "Sur un paradoxe de l'iconique." In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 55-64.

Crystal, David. 1987. “Sound Symbolism.” The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 174-75.

Crystal, David. 1995. “Sound Symbolism.” The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 250-53.

Cuxac, Christian. 1993. "Iconicité des langues des signes." Faits de Langues 1: 47-56, 92-95.

Cuxac, Christian. 1999. “The Expression of Spatial Relations and the Spatialization of Semantic Relations in French Sign Language.” In Fuchs, Catherine and Stephane Robert (eds). Language Diversity and Cognitive Representations. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 123-42.

Cuxac, Christian. 2000. “Compositionnalite sublexicale morphemique-iconique en langue des signes francaise.” Recherches-Linguistiques-de-Vincennes (RLdV), 29: 55-72.

Cuxac, Christian. 2000. “La Langue des Signes Francaise (LSF): Les Voies de l'iconicite.” Faits de Langues: Revue de Linguistique, 15-16: 1-391.

Cuxac, C. 2000. “Iconicity of Sign Languages.” In Taylor, Martin M. et al. (eds). The Structure of Multimodal. Dialogue, II. Philadelphia, PA : Benjamins. 321-34.

Danaher, David. 1998. "Peirce's Semiotic and Conceptual Metaphor Theory." Semiotica 119:1-2, 171-207.

Danesi, Marcel. 1985. "The Metaphorical Extension of Vision: A Linguistic Universal?" Geolinguistics 11: 1-12.

Danesi, Marcel. 1998. "Conceptual Iconicity and Grammatical Rules: Towards a 'Reflexive Grammar'." In William Pencak and Ralph J. Lindgren (eds). New Approaches to Semiotics and the Human Sciences. New York, NY : Peter Lang. 241-264.

Danon-Boileau, Laurent. 1993. "De quelques préjugés relaltifs à l'usage des notions de motivation et d'iconicité." Faits de Langues 1: 79-87.

Danon-Boileau, Laurent. 1993. "Motivation et iconicité." Faits de Langues 1: 1.

Deely, John. 1982. "Antecedents to Peirce's Notion of Iconic Signs." In Michael Herzfeld and Margot D. Lenhart (eds) Semiotics 1980. New York: Plenum. 109-120.

Deely, John. 1986. "Idolum: Archeology and Ontology of the Iconic Sign." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 29-49.

Dorleijn, Gillis. 1991. "'Je bent in Groningen, maar hier': Enkele opmerkingen over iconiciteit." In Rien T. Segers (ed.). Visies op cultuur en literatuur: Opstellen naar aanleiding van het werk van J. J. A. Mooij. Amsterdam : Rodopi. 123-130.

Droste, Filip G. and John Fought. 1989. Arbitrariness, Iconicity and Conceptuality. Duisburg: L.A.U.D. no.A 263.

Eco, Umberto. 1972. "Introduction to a Semiotics of Iconic Signs." Versus 2: 1-15.

Eco, Umberto. 1998. "Réflexions à propos du débat sur l'iconisme (1968-1998). In Visio: Iconicité, Hypoiconicité/Hypoicons. The Journal of the International Association for Visual Semiotics. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Printemps 1998): 9-32.

Edeline, Francis. 1999. "Le Roi Arthur et la semiotique visuelle." In Martin Heusser et al. (eds) Text and Visuality. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 207-218.

Engberg-Pedersen, Elisabeth. 1996. "Iconic Motivations in Conflict: Language-Specific Structure and Influence from the Medium." In Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen et al. (eds). Content, Expression and Structure: Studies in Danish Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 39-64.

Engberg-Pedersen, Elisabeth. 1996. "Iconicity and Arbitrariness." In Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen et al. (eds). Content, Expression and Structure: Studies in Danish Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 453-468.

Enkvist, Nils Erik. 1981. “Experiential Iconicism in Text Strategy.” Text 1,1:97-111.

Enkvist, Nils Erik.1990. “Discourse Comprehension, Text Strategies and Style.” AUMLA, no.73: 166 - 180.

Ertel, Suitbert. 1969. Psychophonetik. Untersuchungen über Lautsymbolik und Motivation. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Even, Zohar Itamar. 1986. "Depletion and Shift: The Process of De-Iconization." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 339-351.

Fabbrichesi, Rossella. 1981. "L'iconisme e l'interpretazione fenomenologica del concetto di somiglianza in Peirce." Acme 34, 3: 467-498.

Fenk, August. 1998. "Symbols and Icons in Diagrammatic Representation." Pragmatics and Cognition 6, 1-2: 301-34.

Fenk, August. 1997. "Representation and Iconicity." Semiotica 115, 3-4: 215-234.

Fischer, Andreas. 1999. "What, if Anything, Is Phonological Iconicity?" In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 123-134.

Fischer, Andreas. 1999. "Graphological Iconicity in Print Advertising." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 251-283.

Fischer, Olga. 1994. “The Development of Quasi-Auxiliaries in English and Changes in Word Order.” Neophilologus 78: 137-164.

Fischer, Olga. 1995. “The Distinction Between To and Bare Infinitival Compliments in Late Middle English.” Diachronica 12: 1-30.

Fischer, Olga. 1997. “Iconicity in Language and Literature. Language Innovation and Language Change.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 98: 63-87

Fischer, Olga. 1999. "On the Role Played by Iconicity in Grammaticalisation Process." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 345-374.

Fischer, Olga. 2001. "The Position of the Adjective in (Old) English from an Iconic Perspective." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 249-276.

Fischer, Olga. 2004. "Evidence for Iconicity in Language". In 'Aspects of iconicity in comtemporary linguistics', special issue, Klaas Willems (ed.), Logos and Language 5: 1-16.

Fischer, Olga and Wolfgang G. Müller: ‘Introduction: From Signing back to Signs’. In Müller and Fischer (eds), 1-20.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 1999. "Introduction: Iconicity as a Creative Force in Language Use." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. xv-xxxvi.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 2001. "Introduction: Iconicity and Nature." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 3-16.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny (eds). 2001. The Motivated Sign. Iconicity in Language and Literature 2. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Fischer-Jørgensen, Eli. 1967. “Perceptual Dimensions of Vowels.” To Honor Roman Jakobson: Essays on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday. Vol. I The Hague: Mouton. 667-71.

Fischer-Jørgensen, Eli. 1978. “On the Universal Character of Phonetic Symbolism with Special Reference to Vowels.” Studia Linguistica 32:80-90.

Fleishman, Suzanne. 1989. “Temporal Distance: A Basic Linguistic Metaphor.” Studies in Language 13: 1-30.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1956. “Üeber die Eigenart des sprachlichen Zeichens.” Lingua 6: 12-58.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1961. “Communication in Poetry.” Word 17: 194-201.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1962. “Mimik auf glottaler Ebene.” Phonetica 8: 309-320.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1964. “Information du style verbal.” Linguistics 4: 19-47.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1971. “Double Coding in Speech.” Semiotica 3: 189-222.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1980a. La métaphore en phonétique. Ottawa: Didier.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1980b. “Structure sémantique des signes de ponctuation.” Bulletin de la Société Linguistique de Paris 75: 95-129.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1981a. “A semiotic Approach to Prosodic Irregularities.” In Wolfgang Dressler et al. (eds) Phonologica. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Innsbruck. 137-152.

Fónagy, Ivan and Klara Magdics. 1963. “Emotional Patterns in Intonation and Music.” Zeitschrift für Phonetik 16: 293-326.

Fónagy, Ivan, M.H. Han and Péla Simon. 1983. “Oral Gesturing in Two Unrelated Languages.” In Peter Winkler (ed.). Investigations of the Speech Process. Quantitative Linguistics 19. Bochum: Brockmeyer. 103-122.

Fónagy, Ivan, 1988. "Live Speech and Preverbal Communication." In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.) The Genesis of Language: A Different Judgement of Evidence. New York: Mouton.

Fónagy, Ivan. 1995. “Iconicity of Expressive Syntactic Transformations.” In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.), Syntactic Iconicity and Linguistic Freezes. The Human Dimension. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 285-304.

Fónagy, Ivan. "Why Iconicity?" In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 3-36.

Fónagy, Ivan. 2001. Languages Within Language. An evolutive approach. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Francis, Elaine J. 1998. "Some Semantic Reasons Why Iconicity between Lexical Categories and Their Discourse Functions Isn't Perfect." Language Sciences 20, 4: 399-414.

French, Patrice L. 1972. “Towards an Explanation of Phonetic Symbolism.” Word 28:305-22.

Frishberg, Nancy. 1975. "Arbitrariness and Iconicity in American Sign Language." Language 51: 696-719.

Fudge, Erik. 1970. "Phonological Structure and Expressiveness." Journal of Linguistics 16: 161-188.

Gebels, g. 1969. "An Investigation of Phonetic Symbolism in Different Cultures." Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behaviour 8: 310-312.

Geeraerts, Dirk. 1990. "Homonymy, Iconicity, and Prototypicality." Belgian Journal of Linguistics 5: 49-74.

Givón, T. 1985. “Iconicity, Isomorphism and Non-Arbitrary Coding in Syntax.” In J. Haiman (ed.) (1985a). 187-219.

Givón, T. (1994). “Isomorphism in the Grammatical Code: Cognitive and Biological Considerations.” In R. Simone (ed.). 47-76.

Givón, Talmy. 1995b. "Isomorphism in the Grammatical Code: Cognitive and Biological Considerations". In R. Simone (ed.). 47-76.

Graham, Joseph F. 1992. Onomatopoetics: Theory of Languae and Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Greenberg, Joseph H. 1995. "On Language-Internal Iconicity". In Marge E. Landsberg (ed.), 57-63.

Greim, Barbara D. 1983. "The Elliptical Idiom: Change from Icon and Index to Symbol." In Irmengard Rauch and Gerald F. Carr (eds) Language Change. Bloomington: Indiana UP. 1-9.

Griffith, Penny L. et al. 1981. "Perception of Iconicity in American Sign Language by Hearing and Deaf Subjects." Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 46, 4: 388-39

Grote, Klaudia and Erika Linz: ‘The influence of sign language iconicity on semantic conceptualization’, in Muller and Fischer (eds), 23-40.

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Haas, Mary R. 1973. "The Expression of the Diminutive." In Studies in Linguistics in Honor of George L. Trager. Ed. M. Estelleie Smith. The Hague: Mouton.

Haase, Martin. 1993. "Pointing with Sounds: Iconicity and Deictic Localisation." In Thomas Muller-Bardey and Werner Drossard (eds). Aspekte der Lokalisation. Bochum : Brockmeyer. 105-119.

Haase, Martin. 2001. “Local Deixis.” In Haspelmath, Martin et al. (eds). Language Typology and Language Universals/Sprachtypologie und sprachliche Universalien/La Typologie des langues et les universaux linguistiques: An International Handbook/Ein internationales Handbuch/Manuel international, 1-2. Berlin: de Gruyter. 760-68

Haiman, J. 1980. “The Iconicity of Grammar: Isomorphism and Motivation.” Language 56: 515-540.

Haiman, John. 1983. “Iconic and Economic Motivation.” Language 59: 781-819.

Haiman, John. 1985a. (ed.) Iconicity in Syntax. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Haiman, John. 1985b. Natural Syntax: Iconicity and Erosion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haiman, John. 1992. “Iconicity.” In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 4 Vols. Ed. William Bright. Oxford: OUP. Vol. 2: 191-195.

Haiman, John. 1993. “Life, the Universe, and Human Language (a Brief Synopsis).” Language Sciences 15: 293-322.

Haiman, John. 1993. “Iconicity and Syntactic Change.” In Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1633-1639.

Haiman, John. 1994. “Ritualization and the Development of Language.” In William Pagliuca (ed.), Perspectives on Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 3-28.

Haiman, John. 1997a. “Self-Abasement in Language. A Case Study on the Viability of a Metaphor.” In Joan Bybee, John Haiman and Sandra A.Thompson (eds), Essays on Language Function and Language Type. Dedicated to T.Givón. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 181-198.

Haiman, John. 1997b. “Repetition and Identity.” Lingua 100: 57-70.

Haiman, John. 1998. Talk is Cheap. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Haiman, John. 1999. "Action, Speech, and Grammar: The Sublimation Trajectory." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 37-57.

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Harm, Volker. 2003. "Diagrammatic iconicity in the lexicon: Base and derivation in the history of German verbal word-formation". In Muller and Fischer (eds), 225-242.

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Herlofsky, William J. 2001. "Icons, Anaphors, and the Evolution of Language." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 55-66.

Herlofsky, William J. 2003.: ‘What You See Is What You Get: Iconicity and metaphor in the visual language of written and signed poetry: A cognitive poetic approach’. In Muller and Fischer (eds), 41-61.

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