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Iconicity in Literature

Iconicity in Literature: Bibliography

(June 2003)

Alderson, Simon. 1996. “Alexander Pope and the Nature of Language.” Review of English Studies n.s.47: 23-34.

Alderson, Simon. 1993. “Iconic Forms in English Poetry of the Time of Dryden and Pope.” (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cambridge).

Alderson, Simon. 1999. "Iconicity in Literature. Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Prose Writing." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 109-120.

Alderson, Simon. 2001. "Chance and Imagination in Literary Iconicity." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 17-29.

Anderson, Earl R. 2001. "Old English Poetic Texts and Their Latin Sources. Iconicity in Caedmon's Hymn and The Phoenix." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 109-132.

Attridge, Derek. 1982. “Iconic Functions.” In his The Rhythms of English Poetry. London: Longman. 287-95.

Attridge, Derek. 1988. “Literature as Imitation: Jakobson, Joyce, and the Art of Onomatopoeia.” Peculiar Language: Literature as Difference from the Renaissance to James Joyce. London: Methuen. 127-57.

Bailey, K.V. 1988. "To Boldly See...: Iconicity in Science Fiction and Fantasy." Foundation 44: 14-26.

Bauer, Matthias. 1999. "Iconicity and Divine Likeness. George Herbert's 'Coloss. 3.3'." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 215-234.

Bernhard, Walter. 1977. “Heuristisches Modell eines funktionalen Literaturbegriffs.” Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik 3: 85-93.

Bernhard, Walter. 1986. “The Iconic Quality of Poetic Rhythm.” Word & Image: 2, 3: 209-217.

Bernhard, Walter. 1999. "Iconicity and Beyond in 'Lullaby for Jumbo': Semiotic Functions of Poetic Rhythm." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 155-169.

Breitenberg, Mark. 1988. "Reading Elizabethan Iconicity: Gorboduc and the Semiotics of Reform." English Literary Renaissance 18,2: 194-217.

Brogan, T.V.F. 1993a. “Iconicity.” In Alex Preminger and T.V.F. Brogan (eds). The New Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton: Princeton UP. 552.

Brogan, T.V.F. 1993b. “Representation and Mimesis.” In Alex Preminger and T.V.F. Brogan (eds). The New Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton: Princeton UP. 1037-44, esp. 1039-40.

Bronzwaer, W. 1990. "Poezie en iconiciteit ." Forum der Letteren: Tijdschrift voor Taal en Letterkunde 31, 2: 93-103.

Burke, Michael. 2001. "Iconicity and Literary Emotion." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 31-46.

Carriker, Kitti. 1991. "The Doll as Icon: The Semiotics of the Subject in Yeats's Poem 'The Dolls'." In Leonard Orr (ed.) Yeats and Postmodernism. Syracuse: Syracuse UP. 126-145.

Ceci, Louis G. 1983. "Iconic Features in the Noun Phrases of Yeats's 'The Cold Heaven.'" Language and Style 16,2: 138-50.

Ciugureanu, Adina. 2001. "The Ideogram as an Iconic Dimension in Ezra Pound's Early Cantos." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 47-58.

Coale, Samuel. 1993. "Hawthorne's Black Veil: From Image to Icon." CEA Critic 55, 3: 79-87.

Combe, Dominique. 1985. "Poésie, fiction, iconicité: Vers une phénomenologie des conduites de lecture." Poétique 16,61: 35-48.

Conly, Tom. 1992. "An 'Allegory of Prudence': Text and Icon of 'De la physionomie'." Montaigne Studies 4, 1-2: 156-179.

Conly, Tom. 1992. "Michel de Certeau and the Textual Icon." Diacritics 22, 2: 38-48.

Couturier, Maurice. 1988. "Ecriture-icone chez Nabokov." University of Windsor Review 21, 2: 18-31.

Cureton, Richard. 1980. “Poetic Syntax and Aesthetic Form.” Style 14, 4: 318-40.

Cureton, Richard. 1981. “e.e. cummings: A Case Study of Iconic Syntax.” Language and Style 14, 3: 183-215.

Cureton, Richard. 1986. “Visual Form in e.e. cummings’ No Thanks.” Word & Image 2, 3: 245-77.

Eckstein, Barbara. 1996. " Iconicity, Immersion and Otherness: The Hegelian 'Dive' of J. M. Coetzee and Adrienne Rich." Mosaic 29, 1: 57-77.

Epstein, E.L. 1975. “The Self-Reflexive Artefact: The Function of Mimesis in an Approach to a Theory of Value for Literature.” In R. Fowler (ed.) Style and Structure in Literature: Essays in the New Stylistics. Oxford: Blackwell. 40-78.

Epstein, E.L. 1978. Language and Style. London: Methuen. .

Genette, Gérard. 1977. “Valéry and the Poetics of Language.” Textual Strategies: Perspectives in Post-Structuralist Criticism. Ed. J.V. Harari. Ithaca, N.J.: Cornell UP. 359-73.

Fenk, August. 1997. "Representation and Iconicity." Semiotica 115:3-4: 215-34

Fenollosa, Ernest. 1936.The Chinese Written Character as a Medium for Poetry. Ed. Ezra Pound. San Francisco: City Lights Books.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 1999. "Introduction: Iconicity as a Creative Force in Language Use." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. xv-xxxvi.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny. 2001. "Introduction: Iconicity and Nature." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 3-16.

Fischer, Olga and Max Nänny (eds). 2001. The Motivated Sign. Iconicity in Language and Literature 2. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Füger, Wilhelm. 1997. "SCRIPTSIGNS: Variants and Cultural Contexts of Iconicity in Joyce." Joyce-Studies-Annual 8: 60-80.

Garrity, Henry A. 1984. "Pop-Culture Love in Diva: Objects as Icon, Index and Syntagma." In Umstead D. Radcliff (ed.) Sex and Love in Motion Pictures. Kent: State U. 47-51.

Genette, Gerard. 1995. Mimologics [1976]. Transl. Thaïs E. Morgan. Lincoln: U Nebraska Press.

Godden, Richard. 1989. "Iconic Narrative; Or, How Faulkner Fought the Second Civil War." In Lothar Honnighausen (ed.) Faulkner's Discourse: An International Symposium. Tübingen: Niemeyer. 68-76.

Goh, Robbie B.H. 2001. "Iconicity in Advertising Signs. Motive and Method in Miming 'the Body'." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 189-210.

Goh, Robbie B. H. 2000. “'Clockwork' Language Reconsidered: Iconicity and Narrative in Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange.” Journal-of-Narrative-Theory, 30(2): 263-80.

Gutkind, Peter C.W. 1993. "Icon, Illusion and Reality: Images of Urbanism." In Peter J.M. Nas (ed.) Urban Symbolism. Leiden: Brill. 251-264.

Halter, Peter. 1999. "Iconic Rendering of Motion and Process in the Poetry of William Carlos Williams." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 235-249.

Harding, R.F. Gillian. 1984. "Iconic Mythopoeia in MacEwan's The T.E. Lawrence Poems." Studies in Canadian Literature 9, 1: 95-107.

Hausman, Margaret Jane. 1989. "Syntactic Disordering in Modern Poetry: Index, Icon, Symbol." DAI. Ann Arbor 49, 8: 2210A.

Henry, Anne C. 2001. "Iconic Punctuation. Ellipsis Marks in a Historical Perspective." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 135-155.

Herzfeld, Michael. 1986. "On Some Rhetorical Uses of Iconicity in Cultural Ideologies." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 401-419.

Hiraga, Masako K.and Joanna Radwaska Williams. 1997. " Nothing in the World Is Single: Metaphorical Network in Shelley's 'Love's Philosophy'." In Irmengard Rauch and Gerald F. Carr (eds). Semiotics around the World: Synthesis in Diversity, I-II. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 425-428.

Hollander, John. 1975. Vision and Resonance: Two Senses of Poetic Form. New Haven: Yale UP.

Hrushovski, Benjamin. “The Meaning of Sound Patterns in Poetry.” Poetics Today 2:1a (1980): 39-56.

Innocenti, Loretta. 2001. "Iconoclasm and Iconicity in Seventeenth-Century English Poetry." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 211-225.

Innocenti, Loretta. 1999. “'Language Thou Art Too Narrow': Reflections on Visual and Verbal Iconicity.” Textus:-English-Studies-in-Italy. 12(1): 11-36.

Johansen, Jørgen Dines. "Description and Depiction: On the Indexical Function of the Icon in the Staging of Ibsen's 'The Master Builder'." Degrés 31: f1-f7.

Johansen, Jørgen Dines. 1996. “Iconicity in Literature.” Semiotica 110-1/2: 37-55.

Kopnick, Lutz. 1992. "Goethes Ikonisierung der Poesie: Zur Schriftmagie des West-östlichen Divans." Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 66, 2: 361-389.

Kuper, Christoph. 1981. “Ikonische Tendenzen in der Rhetorik.” LiLi: Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik 11, 43-44: 143-163.

Leech, Geoffrey N. 1969. “Onomatopoeia.” and “Varieties of Onomatopoeia.” A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry. London: Longman. 96-100.

Leech, Geoffrey N. and M. Short. 1981. “Iconicity: The Imitation Principle.” Chapter 7.7 of Style in Fiction. London: Longman. 233-43.

Leland, Blake. 1988. “The Iconicity of Rhetorical Figures: ‘Schemes’ as Devices for Textual Cohesion.” Language and Style 21, 2: 162-90.

Leland, Blake. 1992. "Psychotic Apotheosis: Visionary Iconicity and Poet's Fear in Ezra Pound's 'The Return'." Twentieth Century Literature 38, 2: 176-193.

Levenston, E.A. 1992. The Stuff of Literature: Physical Aspects of Texts and Their Relation to Literary Meaning. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2001. "Iconic Dimensions in Margaret Atwood's Poetry and Prose." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 351-366.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2003. “Diagrams in Narrative: Visual Strategies in Contemporary Fiction”. In Müller and Fischer (eds). From Sign to Signing. 185-201.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2003. “Cartography and Fiction: Spatial Strategies in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fiction”. Iconicity, ed. Jeff Bernard. [Special Issue]
European Journal for Semiotic Studies 15: 425-444.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2003. “Cartographic Intrusions in Postcolonial Fiction”. Le visuel à l'ère du post-visuel, ed. Marie Carani. [Special Issue] VISIO 8: 223-230.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2004. “Between Reality and Representation: On the Diagrammatic Function of  Photographs and Maps in Fiction”. Peirce and the Question of Representation, ed. Jean Fisette. [Special Issue] VISIO 9: 67-78.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2005. “Photographs in Narrative”. In Maeder, Fischer and Herlofsky (eds). Outside-In - Inside-Out. 133-149.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2005. “Diagrams and Diagrammatizations in Literary Texts”. Peirce and Literary Studies, ed. Harri Veivo.  Recherches Semiotiques / Semiotic Inquiry 24: 99-115.

Ljungberg, Christina.2005. “Cartographic Strategies in Contemporary Fiction”. In Claus Cluver, Leo Hoek, Véronique Plesch, Peter de Voogd (eds), Orientations: Space / Tine / Image / Word. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 155-172.

Ljungberg, Christina. (2005) “Models of Reading: Diagrammatic Aspects of LiteraryTexts”. In Harri Veivo, Bo Petterson and Merja Polvinen (eds), Cognition and Literary Interpretation in Practice. Helsinki: University of Helsinki Press, 105-125.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2007. '"Damn mad'. Palindromic figurations in literary narratives". In Tabakowska, Ljungberg and Fischer (eds). Insistent Images. 247-265.

Ljungberg, Christina. 2010. "The bell jar, the maze and the mural: Diagrammatic figurations as textual performance". In Conradie, Johl, Beukes, Fischer and Ljungberg (eds). Signergy. 47-72.

Maeder, Costantino, Fischer, Olga and William Herlofsky. 2005. Outside-In - Inside-Out. Iconicity in Language and Literature 5. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

McCracken, Ellen. 2000. “Iconicity and Narrative in the Work of Fray Angelico Chavez: Toward the Harmonious Imagetext.” In McCracken, Ellen (ed. and introd.). Fray Angelico Chavez: Poet, Priest, and Artist. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico Press. 53-90.

McHale, Brian. 1982. “Against Interpretation. Iconic Grammar, Anxiety of Influence, and Poetic Artifice.” Poetics Today 3,1: 141-58, esp. 147.

Marin, Louis. 1983. "The Iconic Text and the Theory of Enunciation: Luca Signorelli at Loreto (circa 1479-1484)." New Literary History 14, 3: 553-596.

Markiewicz, Henryk. 1989, "Some Remarks about the Iconicity of Literary Signs." In Karl Eiermacher, Peter Grzybek and Georg Witte (eds). Issues in Slavic Literary and Cultural Theory. Bochum: Brockmeyer. 401-09.

Masson, David J. 1967. “Vowel and Consonant Patterns in Poetry.” In Seymour Chatman and Samuel L. Levin (eds). Essays on the Language of Literature. Boston: Houghton and Mifflin. 3-18.

Mayenowa, Maria Renata. 1981. "Verbal Texts and Iconic-Visual Texts." In Wendy Steiner (ed.) Image and Code. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press. 133-137.

Metzidakis, Stamos. 1986. "Semiotic Analysis of Iconic Features in Literature." In John Deely (ed.) Semiotics. Lanham, MD: UP of America. 336-345.

Milicic, Vladimir. 1982. "Conventions of Poetry as Iconic Signs." In Michael Herzfeld and Margot D. Lenhart (eds). Semiotics 1980. New York: Plenum. 347-53.

Millar, Robert, and Ian Currie. 1986. The Language of Poetry [1970]. London: Heinmann Education.

Mitchell, W.T. 1980. “Spatial Form in Literature: Toward a General Theory.” Critical Inquiry 6.3: 539-67.

Molnar, Istvan. 1990. "'One's Faith Could be Smashed by Such a Picture': Interrelation of Word and Image (Icon) in Dostoevski's Fiction..." Acta Litteraria Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 32, 3-3:245-258.

Mondzain, Marie Jose; Franses, Rico (introd and translator). 2000. “Iconic Space and the Rule of Lands.” Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, 15(4): 55-76.

Morris, Amy F. 1992. Dante and Peirce: Iconicity and Unlikeness in the 'Leaves' Simile, 'Inferno' III. Dissertation Abstract International, Ann Arbor, MI (DAI), 53:1, 144A. DAI No.: DA9218166.

Morris, Robert. 1989. "Words and Images in Modernism and Postmodernism." Critical Inquiry 15, 2: 337-347.

Müller, Wolfgang G. 1999. "The Iconic Use of Syntax in British and American Fiction." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 393-408.

Müller, Wolfgang G. 2001. "Iconicity and Rhetoric. A Note on the Iconic Force of Rhetorical Figures in Shakespeare." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 305-322.

Nänny, Max. 1985. “Iconic Dimensions in Poetry.” In R. Waswo (ed.), On Poetry and Poetics (Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature 2). Tübingen: Gunter Narr. 111-135.

Nänny, Max. 1984. “The Need for an Iconic Criticism.” Journal of Literary Criticism 1, 1: 30-42.

Nänny, Max. 1986a. “Imitative Form: The Modernist Poem on the Page.” In R. Hagenbüchle and L. Skandera (ed.). Poetry and Epistemology. Regensburg: Pustet. 213-31.

Nänny, Max. 1986b. (ed.) Iconicity in Literature. (Special number of Word and Image 2.3).

Nänny, Max. 1986c. “Iconicity in Literature.” Word & Image 2, 3: 199-208.

Nänny, Max. 1987. “Chiastic Structures in Literature: Some Forms and Functions.” In U. Fries (ed.) The Structure of Texts. (Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature 3). Tübingen: Gunter Narr. 75-97.

Nänny, Max. 1988. “Chiasmus in Literature: Ornament or Function?” Word and Image 4 (January-March 1988): 51-9.

Nänny, Max. 1992. “Functions of Visual Form in T.S. Eliot’s Poetry.” In V. Sena and R. Verma (eds) The Fire and the Rose. New Essays on T.S. Eliot. Delhi: Oxford University Press. 98-116.

Nänny, Max. 1994. “Textual Echoes of Echoes.” In Andreas Fischer (ed.) Repetition in Language and Literature. (Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature 7). Tübingen: Gunter Narr. 7-35.

Nänny, Max. 1997."Hemingway's Architecture of Prose: Chiastic Patterns and Their Narrative
Functions." North Dakota Quarterly 64, 3: 157-76.

Nänny, Max. 1998. "Hemingway's Use of Chiastic Centering as an Interpretative Clue." North Dakota Quarterly 65, 3: 174-85.

Nänny, Max. 1999. “Alphabetic Letters as Icons in Literary Texts.” In Max Nänny and Olga Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning: Iconicity in Language and Literature. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 173-198.

Nänny, Max and Olga Fischer (eds) 1999. Form Miming Meaning: Iconicity in Language and Literature. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Nänny, Max and Olga Fischer. 2001. "Introduction: veni, vidi, vici." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 1-14.

Nänny, Max. 2001. "Iconic Functions of Long and Short Lines." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 157-188.

Nänny, Max. 2001. “Iconic Features in E. E. Cummings' Poetry.” In Giorcelli, Cristina (ed.). The Idea and The Thing in Modernist American Poetry. Palermo, Italy : Ila Palma. 209-34.

Nänny, Max. 2002. “Die ikonische Verwendung des Chiasmus in der Literatur.” (Symposium: Stilfragen. Wolfgang G. Müller zum 60. Geburtstag). Literaturwissenschaftliches Jahrbuch, 43. Band. Jena: Duncker & Humblot. 293-317.

Nänny, Max. 2002. “Iconicitet.” In Intermedialitet. Ord, bild och ton I samspel. Ed. Hans Lund. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 131-38.

Nash, Walter. 1989. “Sound and the Pattern of Poetic Meaning.” In Theo D’haen (ed.) Linguistics and the Study of Literature. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 128-151.

Nöth, Winfried. 1999. "Cognition, Iconicity, and Blake's Fearful Symmetry." Interdigitations. Ed. Gerald F. Carr et alia. New York: Peter Lang.647-655.

Norrman, Ralf. 1982. The Insecure World of Henry James's Fiction. London: Macmillan.

Norrman Ralf. 1986a. Samuel Butler and the Meaning of Chiasmus. London: Macmillan.

Norrman Ralf. 1986b. “Enantiomorphism and Samuel Butler's The Authoress of the Odyssey.” Word & Image 2: 231-36.

Norrman, Ralf. 1998. Wholeness Restored. Love of Symmetry as a Shaping Force in the Writings of Henry James, Kurt Vonnegut, Samuel Butler and Raymond Chandler. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Norrman, Ralf. 1999. "Creating the World in Our Image. A New Theory of Love of Symmetry and Iconicist Desire." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 59-82.

Norrman, Ralf. 2001. "On Natural Motivation in Metaphors. The Case of the Cucurbits." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 89-106.

Nowottny, Winifred. 1965. The Language Poets Use. London: The Athlone Press.

Ormerod, David. 1991. "Type, Icon and Number in Marvell's Bermudas." Parergon 9, 2: 91-109.

Perrine, Laurence. 1987. Sound and Sense. An Introduction to Poetry. New York: Harcourt Brace. Esp. ch. 13.

Pollard, Tomas. 2001. "Telegraphing the Sentence and the Story: Iconicity in In the Cage by Henry James." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 81-96.

Prince, Stephen. 1993. "The Discourse of Pictures: Iconicity and Film Studies." Film Quarterly 47, 1: 16-28.

Raban, Jonathan. 1981. "Icon or Symbol: The Writer and the 'Medium'." In Peter Lewis (ed.) Radio Drama. London: Longman: 79-90.

Rabaté, Jean Michel. 1986. "'Alphybettyformed Verbage': The Shape of Sounds and Letters in Finnegans Wake." Word & Image 2,3: 237-43.

Rey, Alain. 1986. "Mimesis, poétique et iconisme." In Paul Bouissac et al. (eds) Iconicity. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. 17-27.

Richter, David. 1985. "Two Studies in Iconic Syntax: Tennyson's 'Tears, Idle Tears,' and Williams's 'The Dance.'" Language and Style 18: 136-151.

Robitaille, Marilyn. 1997. "Patterns of Iconicity in Aphra Behn's 'The Dumb Virgin, Or the Force of the Imagination'." Conference-of-College-Teachers-of-English-Studies, Alpine, TX (CCTEP), Sept., 62: 1-10.

Rozik, Eli. 1988. "On the Apparent Double Reference of Theatrical Texts." Degrés 16, 56: f1-f20.

Senn, Werner. 1986. "The Labyrinth Image in Verbal Art: Sign, Symbol, Icon?" Word & Image 2, 3: 219-230.

Shapiro, Bruce G. 1999. Reinventing Drama: Acting, Iconicity, Performance (Contributions to Drama and Theater Studies, No. 90). New York: Greenwood, 1999.

Siegel, Muffy E.A. 1980. “‘The Original Crime’: John Berryman’s Iconic Grammar.” Poetics Today 2:1a:163-88.

Sinfield, Alan. 1986) “Tennyson’s Strategies of Presence and the Idea of Literature.” In R. Hagenbüchle and L. Skandera (eds) Poetry and Epistemology. Regensburg: Pustet. 382-97.

Steiner, Peter. 1993. “Semiotics, Poetic.” In Alex Preminger and T.V.F. Brogan (eds) The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1138-43, esp. 1141.

Steiner, Wendy. 1981. "Res Poetica: The Problematics of the Concrete Program." New Literary History 12, 3: 529-545.

Steiner, Wendy. 1982. The Colors of Rhetoric: Problems in the Relatonship between Modern Literature and Painting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Symons, Scott. 1990. "Atwood as Icon." Idler 28: 36-39.

Viglionese, Pascal C. 1985. “The Inner Functioning of Words: Iconicity in Poetic Language.” Visible Language 19, 3: 373-386.

Vis, G.J. 1991. "Iconiciteit en ritme: Klankexpressie bij Nijhoff." Forum der Letteren: Tijdschrift voor Taal en Letterkunde 32, 1: 47-61.

Vis, George J. 1991. "Vorm en functie in de poezie: Een methodologische verkenning, met voorbeelden uit het werk van J. Kinker en W. Kloos." Spiegel der Letteren: Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Literatuurgeschiedenis en voor Literatuurwetenschap 33, 4: 247-260.

Wagner, Werner. 1987. "Iconicity and Imagination: Productive Fantasy in Aesthetic Production." Fu Jen Studies 20: 83-104.

Webster, Michael. 1999. "'singing is silence': Being and Nothing in the Visual Poetry of E.E. Cummings." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 199-214.

Webster, Michael. 2001. "Magic Iconism: Defamiliarization, Sympathetic Magic, and Visual Poetry." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) Iconicity. Special Number of the European Journal of English Studies (EJES) 5, 1: 97-113.

White, John. 1999. "On Semiotic Interplay. Forms of Creative Interaction Between Iconicity and Indexicality in Twentieth-Century Literature." In Nänny and Fischer (eds) Form Miming Meaning. 83-108.

White, John. 2001. "The Semiotics of the mise-en-abyme." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 29-53.

Wimsatt, W.K. 1954. “One Relation of Rhyme to Reason.” The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry. Kentucky: University of Kentucky Press. 152-66.

Wimsatt, W.K. 1976. “In Search of Verbal Mimesis (Supplement to ‘Laokoon: An Oracle Reconsulted’).” In his Day of the Leopards. Essays in Defence of Poems. New Haven: Yale University Press. 57-73.

Wing, J.L. 1993. "The Iconicity of Absence: Dario Fo and the Radical Invisible." Theatre Journal 45, 3: 303-315.

Wolf, Werner. 2001. "The Emergence of Experiential Iconicity and Spatial Perspective in Landscape Descriptions in English Fiction." In Fischer and Nänny (eds) The Motivated Sign. 323-350.

Zolkovskij, A.K. 1979. “How to Show Things with Words: On the Iconic Representation of Themes by Expression Plane Means.” Poetics 8: 405-430.